HRET logo, click here to go to the site home page

Transforming health care
through research and education

Hospitals in the Pursuit of Excellence logo, click here to go to the HPOE home page
Skip main navigation


Management research to provide operational advice on improving quality, reducing costs and eliminating disparities.

Bucket/Section Image

National Survey of HIV Testing in Hospitals

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that as many as 25 percent of the 1.2 million Americans who are HIV positive are unaware that they are carrying the virus. To better understand the opportunities and challenges the nation faces in identifying and treating those infected, HRET, in partnership with the CDC, surveyed 1,000 hospitals in 2009 on their current practices of HIV testing and treatment. The survey included questions that addressed the following:

  1. Whether hospitals use written guidelines for HIV testing in the emergency department, labor and delivery and inpatient settings, as well as the nature of those protocols (i.e., diagnostic, targeted testing, or screening, as defined by the CDC)
  2. Any changes in HIV testing practices in inpatient, emergency department and labor and delivery settings since the 2004 HRET Hospital HIV Testing survey
  3. Any changes in the use of rapid HIV tests since the 2004 survey
  4. Uptake of specific components of the CDC's 2006 Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing in Health Care Settings, such as opt-out policies, use of general medical consent to cover consent for HIV testing, streamlined pretest procedures


Findings from this survey will provide an understanding of the impact of the CDC's revised recommendations for HIV testing in hospitals and indicate where and in what departments more effort is required to support the adoption of these recommendations. To learn more about the survey, contact Steve Hines at (312) 422-2607 or

To access HRET's operational guide on implementing or expanding ED-based HIV testing, go to

To access HRET's online toolkit for providers to assess HIV testing and screening costs and reimbursement, go here.

Terms of Use  | Privacy Policy

©2006-2017 by the American Hospital Association. All rights reserved. Noncommercial use of original content on is granted to AHA Institutional Members, their employees and State, Regional and Metro Hospital Associations unless otherwise indicated. AHA does not claim ownership of any content, including content incorporated by permission into AHA produced materials, created by any third party and cannot grant permission to use, distribute or otherwise reproduce such third party content. To request permission to reproduce AHA content, please click here.